palm

palm
{{11}}palm (n.1) "flat of the hand," c.1300, from O.Fr. palme, from L. palma "palm of the hand," from PIE *pela- "to spread out, flat" (Cf. Gk. palame "open hand," O.Ir. lam, Welsh llaw, O.E. folm, O.H.G. folma "hand," Skt. panih "hand, hoof").
Palm oil is earlier in the punning sense of "bribe" (1620s) than in the literal sense of "oil from the fruit of the West African palm" (1705, from PALM (Cf. palm) (n.2)).
{{12}}palm (n.2) "tropical tree," O.E. palma, O.Fr. palme, both from L. palma "palm tree," originally "palm of the hand;" the tree so called from the shape of its leaves, like fingers of a hand (see PALM (Cf. palm) (n.1)). The word traveled early to northern Europe, where the tree does not grow, via Christianity (e.g. O.E. palm-sunnandæg "Palm Sunday").
In ancient times, a leaf or frond was carried or worn as a symbol of victory or triumph, or on feast days; hence figurative use of palm for "victory, triumph" (late 14c.). Palm court "large room in a hotel, etc., usually decorated with potted palms" first recorded 1908.
{{12}}palm (v.) "impose (something) on (someone)," 1670s, from PALM (Cf. palm) (n.1). Extended form palm off is from 1822.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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