cirrhosis (n.) 1840s, coined in Modern Latin by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) with -OSIS (Cf. -osis) and Gk. kirrhos "tawny," of unknown origin. So called for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Cirrhosis — Classification and external resources A person with massive ascites and caput medusae due to cirrhotic liver failure ICD 10 K …   Wikipedia

  • Cirrhosis — Cir*rho sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? orange colored: cf. F. cirrhose. So called from the yellowish appearance which the diseased liver often presents when cut.] (Med.) A disease of the liver in which it usually becomes smaller in size and more dense… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cirrhōsis — (gr.), krankhafter Proceß in manchen Drüsen, der Brustdrüse, der Niere, vorzugsweise aber der Leber, wodurch schwieliger, narbiger Schwund des Gewebes bedingt wird, s. Leber (granulirte) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cirrhōsis — (griech.), eine durch Vermehrung der Bindegewebselemente auf Kosten der eigentlichen funktionellen elementaren Bestandteile drüsiger Organe etc. verursachte Verhärtung und Schrumpfung der Organe; die C. kommt besonders in Leber, Nieren und Lunge… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cirrhosis — Cirrhosis, Verhärtung oder Verschrumpfung eines Organs, z.B. der Leber, wobei sich auf oder in demselben rundliche, harte Körnchen bilden …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Cirrhosis — vgl. Zirrhose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • cirrhosis — ► NOUN ▪ a chronic liver disease marked by degeneration of cells and thickening of tissue. DERIVATIVES cirrhotic adjective. ORIGIN from Greek kirrhos tawny (the colour of the liver in many cases) …   English terms dictionary

  • cirrhosis — [sə rō′sis] n. pl. cirrhoses [sə rō′sēz΄] [ModL < Gr kirrhos, tawny + OSIS: so named by R. T. H. Laënnec (1781 1826), Fr physician, because of the orange yellow appearance of the diseased liver] a degenerative disease in an organ of the body,… …   English World dictionary

  • cirrhosis — cirrhotic /si rot ik/, adj. cirrhosed, adj. /si roh sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and microscopic makeup. [1830 40; < Gk kirrh(ós) orange tawny + OSIS] * * *… …   Universalium

  • cirrhosis — Endstage liver disease characterized by diffuse damage to hepatic parenchymal cells, with nodular regeneration, fibrosis, and disturbance of normal architecture; associated with failure in the function …   Medical dictionary

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