{{11}}checkmate (n.) mid-14c., from O.Fr. eschec mat, from Arabic shah mat "the king died" (see CHECK (Cf. check) (n.)), which according to Barnhart is a misinterpretation of Persian mat "be astonished" as mata "to die," mat "he is dead." Hence Persian shah mat, the ultimate source of the word, would be literally "the king is left helpless, the king is stumped."
{{12}}checkmate (v.) late 14c.; see CHECKMATE (Cf. checkmate) (n.). Related: Checkmated; checkmating.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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