Arcturus late 14c., bright star in the constellation Bootes (also used of the whole constellation), from L. Arcturus, from Gk. Arktouros; anciently associated with the Bear, and its name is Greek for "guardian of the bear." See ARCTIC (Cf. arctic); second element is from ouros "watcher, guardian, ward" (see WARRANT (Cf. warrant)).
Arcturus in the Bible (Job ix:9 and xxxviii:32) is a mistranslation by Jerome (continued in KJV) of Heb. 'Ayish, which actually refers to the "bowl" of the Big Dipper. In Israel and Arabia, the seven stars of the Great Bear seem to have been a bier (the "bowl") followed by three mourners. In the Septuagint it was translated as Pleiada, which is equally incorrect. The double nature of the great bear/wagon (see BIG DIPPER (Cf. Big Dipper)) has given two different names to the constellation that follows it: Arktouros "bear-ward" and bootes "the wagoner."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Arcturus — Arc*tu rus, n. [L. Arcturus, Gr. ? bearward, equiv. to ?; ? bear + ? ward, guard. See {Arctic}.] (Anat.) A fixed star of the first magnitude in the constellation Bo[ o]tes. [1913 Webster] Note: Arcturus has sometimes been incorrectly used as the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arcturus — Arcturus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • arcturus — ou poétiquement arcture (ar ktu rus ou ar ktu r ) s. m. Terme d astronomie. Étoile fixe de la première grandeur, située dans la constellation du Bouvier, à la queue de la Grande Ourse. •   Que si vous labourez des guérets moins féconds, Au lever… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • ARCTURUS — Stella in signo Bootae; post caudam maioris ursae, cuius ortus et occasus futuras tempestates portendunt. Horat. Carm. l. 3. Od. 1. v. 27. Nec saevus Arcturi cadentis Impetus, aut orientis haedi. Et ante eum Plautus in Rudente Prol. v. 5.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Arctūrus — Arctūrus, Gattung aus der Familie der Idoteiden (Asseln), 2. u. 3. Fußpaar nach vorn gerichtet u. sich in ein langes bärtiges Glied endigend; Art: A. tuberculatus, aus den nördlichen Meeren …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arctūrus — (Arktur, Bärenhüter), Stern α (erster Größe) im Bootes. Die Alten hielten ihn für ein Sturm bringendes Gestirn. In der griechischen Mythe ist A. der zugleich mit seiner in die Bärin verwandelten Mutter Kallisto an den Himmel versetzte Heros Arkas …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arcturus — Arcturus, Stern erster Größe im Bootes; er gehört zu den Circumpolarsternen, und zu denen sogenannten fixen, welche fortrücken …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • arcturus — ARCTURUS. s. m. Mot emprunté du latin et dérivé du Grec, qui est le nom d une étoile fixe de la première grandeur, située dans la constellation du Bouvier …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Arcturus — [ärk toor′əs, ärktyoor′əs] n. [L < Gr Arktouros < arktos, a bear + ouros, a guard < IE * woros, heedful < base * wer : see WARN] a giant, orange star in the constellation Boötes, the brightest star in the N celestial sphere: magnitude …   English World dictionary

  • Arcturus — radius=25.7 ± 0.3 [ Angular diameters of stars from the Mark III optical interferometer. , MOZURKEWICH D.; ARMSTRONG J.T.; HINDSLEY R.B.; QUIRRENBACH A.; HUMMEL C.A.; HUTTER D.J.; JOHNSTON K.J.; HAJIAN A.R.; ELIAS II N.M.; BUSCHER D.F.; SIMON R.S …   Wikipedia

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