-ate

-ate
{{11}}-ate (1) suffix used in forming nouns from Latin words ending in -atus, -atum (e.g. ESTATE (Cf. estate), PRIMATE (Cf. primate), SENATE (Cf. senate)). Those that came to English via Old and Middle French often arrived with -at, but an -e was added after c.1400 to indicate the long vowel.
The suffix also can mark adjectives, formed from Latin past participals in -atus, -ata (e.g. desolate, moderate, separate), again, they often were adopted in Middle English as -at, with an -e appended after c.1400.
{{12}}-ate (2) verbal suffix for Latin verbs in -are, identical with -ATE (Cf. -ate) (1). Old English commonly made verbs from adjectives by adding a verbal ending to the word (e.g. gnornian "be sad, mourn," gnorn "sad, depressed"), but as the inflections wore off English words in late Old and early Middle English, there came to be no difference between the adjective and the verb in DRY (Cf. dry), EMPTY (Cf. empty), WARM (Cf. warm), etc. Thus accustomed to the identity of adjectival and verbal forms of a word, the English, when they began to expand their Latin-based vocabulary after c.1500, simply made verbs from Latin past-participial adjectives without changing their form (e.g. aggravate, substantiate) and it became the custom that Latin verbs were anglicized from their past participle stems.
{{12}}-ate (3) in chemistry, used to form the names of salts from acids in -ic; from L. -atus, -atum, suffix used in forming adjectives and thence nouns; identical with -ATE (Cf. -ate) (1).
The substance formed, for example, by the action of acetic acid (vinegar) on lead was described in the 18th century as plumbum acetatum, i.e. acetated lead. Acetatum was then taken as a noun meaning "the acetated (product)," i.e. acetate. [W.E. Flood, "The Origins of Chemical Names," London, 1963]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • -ate — Suffixe employé en chimie, pour former des substantifs (ex. sulfate, carbonate). ⇒ ATE, suff. Suff. utilisé en chim. et formateur de subst. masc. I. Sert à désigner les sels ou esters obtenus par l action d un acide en ique (acide plus oxygéné… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ate — (in Greek ατή; two syllables in either language) a Greek word for ruin, folly, delusion , is the action performed by the hero, usually because of his or her hubris that leads to his or her death or downfall. There is also a goddess by that name …   Wikipedia

  • ATE Ib — ČSD Baureihe 253.2 Nummerierung: ATE Ia 3–5, 70–73 ČSD 253.201–207 Anzahl: 7 Hersteller: Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik Baujahr(e) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATE Ie — ČSD Baureihe 344.6 Nummerierung: ATE Ie 147–148 (alt) ATE Ie 211–220 (neu) ČSD 344.601–610 Anzahl: 10 Hersteller: Erste Böhmisch Mährische Maschinenfabrik, Prag. Baujahr(e): 1908–1914 Ausmusterung: 1954 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATE — steht für: Ate (Mythologie), eine Gestalt in der griechischen Mythologie Ate (Asteroid), einen Asteroiden ein historisches Dorf im nauruischen Distrikt Anibare, siehe Ate (Nauru). Die Abkürzung ATE steht für: Automatic Test Equipment das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATE X — ATE X ČSD 200.1 Nummerierung: ATE X 6–7 ČSD 200.101 Anzahl: ATE: 2 ČSD: 1 (von ATE) Hersteller: Wr. Neustadt Baujahr(e): 1899 Ausmusterung: 1928 Achsformel: B n2t …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATE Id — ATE Id / ČSD 334.4 / ČSD 344.3 Nummerierung: ATE Id 145–146 ČSD 334.401−102 ČSD 344.337−338 Anzahl: 2 Hersteller: StEG Baujahr(e) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATE If — ČSD Baureihe 354.8 DRB 35.4 Nummerierung: ATE If 150 152 ČSD 354.801 803 35 401–403 Anzahl: 3 Hersteller: Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik, Wien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ate — ist der Name von: Ate (Mythologie), eine Gestalt in der griechischen Mythologie (111) Ate, einem Asteroiden Ate (Nauru), ein historisches Dorf im nauruischen Distrikt Anibare Ate (Bezirk), Bezirk der peruanischen Hauptstadt Lima Die Abkürzung ATE …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ate — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • até — prep. 1. Indica de limite ou termo espacial (ex.: só podes ir até ali), temporal (ex.: o prazo é até amanhã) ou quantitativo (ex.: o recinto pode receber até 1000 pessoas). 2. Indica lugar de destino (ex.: planeamos ir até Bragança). • adv.… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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