satire late 14c., "work intended to ridicule vice or folly," from L. satira "satire, poetic medley," earlier satura, in lanx satura "mixed dish, dish filled with various kinds of fruit," lit. "full dish," from fem. of satur "sated" (see SATURATE (Cf. saturate)). First applied in literary sense to a collection of poems on a variety of subjects by Ennius. In classical Latin, a poem which assailed the prevailing vices, one after another. Altered in Latin by influence of Gk. satyr, on mistaken notion that the form is related to the Greek satyr drama (see SATYR (Cf. satyr)).
Satire, n. An obsolete kind of literary composition in which the vices and follies of the author's enemies were expounded with imperfect tenderness. In this country satire never had more than a sickly and uncertain existence, for the soul of it is wit, wherein we are dolefully deficient, the humor that we mistake for it, like all humor, being tolerant and sympathetic. Moreover, although Americans are 'endowed by their Creator' with abundant vice and folly, it is not generally known that these are reprehensible qualities, wherefore the satirist is popularly regarded as a sour-spirited knave, and his every victim's outcry for codefendants evokes a national assent. [Ambrose Bierce, "Devil's Dictionary," 1911]
Proper satire is distinguished, by the generality of the reflections, from a lampoon which is aimed against a particular person, but they are too frequently confounded. [Johnson]
[I]n whatever department of human expression, wherever there is objective truth there is satire [Wyndham Lewis, "Rude Assignment," 1950]
For nuances of usage, see HUMOR (Cf. humor).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Satire — ist eine Spottdichtung, die mangelhafte Tugend oder gesellschaftliche Missstände anklagt. Historische Bezeichnungen sind im Deutschen auch Spottschrift, Stachelschrift und Pasquill (gegen Personen gerichtete satirische Schmähschrift). Das Wort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SATIRE — Il ne s’agira dans cet article que de la satire littéraire. Or, même littéraire, la satire est une des formes les plus difficiles à cerner. Où la tragédie et la comédie, voire le roman, offrent l’appui, même incertain, d’une formule consacrée, et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Satire VI — is the most famous of the sixteen Satires by the Roman author Juvenal written in the late 1st or early 2nd century CE. In English translation, this satire is often titled something in the vein of Against Women due to the most obvious reading of… …   Wikipedia

  • Satire — Sf erw. fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. satira (älter: satura), zu l. satura (lanx) Allerlei, Gemengsel, Fruchtschüssel , zu l. satur satt, gesättigt, reichlich, fruchtbar (verwandt mit l. satis genug ). So bezeichnet als… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Satire — Sat ire (?; in Eng. often ?; 277), n. [L. satira, satura, fr. satura (sc. lanx) a dish filled with various kinds of fruits, food composed of various ingredients, a mixture, a medley, fr. satur full of food, sated, fr. sat, satis, enough: cf. F.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Satire — (v. lat., nach unrichtiger Ableitung aus dem griechischen Satyre), eine zur didaktischen Gattung gehörende Dichtungsart, welche Thorheiten, Eitelkeiten, Gebrechen, Laster in der socialen Gesellschaft in launigem Tone von ihrer lächerlichen u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Satire — Satire: Die Bezeichnung für eine literarische Gattung kritischen Charakters, die die Schwächen einer entarteten ‹Um›welt mit den Stilmitteln der Ironie verspottet und geißelt, wurde im 16. Jh. aus lat. satira entlehnt. Die moderne Satire ist… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • satire — ► NOUN 1) the use of humour, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people s stupidity or vices. 2) a play, novel, etc. using satire. 3) (in Latin literature) a literary miscellany, especially a poem ridiculing prevalent vices… …   English terms dictionary

  • satire — [sa′tīr΄] n. [Fr < L satira or satura, satire, poetic medley < ( lanx) satura, (dish) of various fruits, prob. < Etr, of Thracian orig.] 1. a) a literary work in which vices, follies, stupidities, abuses, etc. are held up to ridicule and …   English World dictionary

  • Satire — (lat.) ist eine Grundform der subjektiven ästhetischen Auffassung, die sich in allen Künsten, vor allem aber in der Poesie, und in dieser in allen Gattungen (Epos, Roman, Novelle, Lyrik, Drama) geltend machen kann; insbes. aber versteht man unter …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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