Protestant 1539, from German or Fr. protestant, from L. protestantem (nom. protestans), prp. of protestari (see PROTEST (Cf. protest)). Originally used of German princes and free cities who declared their dissent from the decision of the Diet of Speyer (1529), which reversed the liberal terms allowed Lutherans in 1526.
When forced to make their choice between obedience to God and obedience to the Emperor, they were compelled to choose the former. [Thomas M. Lindsay, "A History of the Reformation," New York, 1910]
The word was taken up by the Lutherans in Germany (Swiss and French preferred Reformed). It became the general word for "adherents of the Reformation in Germany," then "member of any Western church outside the Roman communion;" a sense first attested in English in 1553.
In the 17c., 'protestant' was primarily opposed to 'papist,' and thus accepted by English Churchmen generally; in more recent times, being generally opposed to 'Roman Catholic,' or ... to 'Catholic,' ... it is viewed with disfavour by those who lay stress on the claim of the Anglican Church to be equally Catholic with the Roman. [OED]
Often contemptuous shortened form Prot is from 1725, in Irish English. Protestant (work) ethic (1926) is taken from Max Weber's work "Die protestantische Ethik und der 'Geist' des Kapitalismus" (1904). Protestant Reformation attested by 1680s.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • protestant — protestant, ante [ prɔtɛstɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] n. et adj. • 1542; de protester (1o) « attester » ♦ Chrétien appartenant à l un des groupements (Églises, sectes) issus, directement ou non, de la Réforme et qui rejettent l autorité du pape (⇒ anglican,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • protestant — PROTESTÁNT, Ă, protestanţi, te, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Adept al protestantismului; reformat. 2. adj. Care ţine de protestantism, privitor la protestantism. – Din fr. protestant. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Protestant — [prät′əs tənt; ] for n. 3 [ & ] adj. 2, also [ prō tes′tənt, prətes′tənt] n. [Fr < Ger < L protestans, prp. of protestari: see PROTEST] 1. History any of the German princes and free cities that formally protested to the Diet of Spires… …   English World dictionary

  • protestant — protestant, ante 1. (pro tè stan, stan t ) 1°   S. m. et f. Nom donné d abord aux luthériens, puis aux calvinistes et aux anglicans. •   Si les protestants savaient à fond comment s est formée leur religion, avec combien de variations et avec… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Protestant — Prot es*tant, a. [Cf. F. protestant.] 1. Making a protest; protesting. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to the faith and practice of those Christians who reject the authority of the Roman Catholic Church; as, Protestant writers. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Protestant — Prot es*tant, n. [F. protestant, fr. L. protestans, antis, p. pr. of protestare. See {Protest}, v.] One who protests; originally applied to those who adhered to Luther, and protested against, or made a solemn declaration of dissent from, a decree …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • protestant — pro·tes·tant /prə tes tənt/ n: a person challenging an action of an administrative agency Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. protestant …   Law dictionary

  • protestant — protèstant (protestȁnt) m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. pripadnik jedne od protestantskih crkava 2. pristaša protestantizma; najprije luterani (v. Luther) i kalvinisti (v. Calvin) u otporu prema tadašnjoj praksi i vlasti rimske kurije i pape, a …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • protestant — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mos I, Mc. protestantncie; lm M. protestantnci {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} osoba wyznająca protestantyzm : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Praktykujący protestant. <fr.> {{/stl 10}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Protestant — ► NOUN ▪ a member or follower of any of the Western Christian Churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church in accordance with the principles of the Reformation. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to or belonging to any of the Protestant Churches …   English terms dictionary

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