red

red
{{11}}red (1) O.E. read, from P.Gmc. *rauthaz (Cf. O.N. rauðr, Dan. rèd, O.Fris. rad, M.Du. root, Ger. rot, Goth. rauþs), from PIE root *reudh- (Cf. L. ruber, also dialectal rufus "light red," mostly of hair; Gk. erythros; Skt. rudhira-; Avestan raoidita-; O.C.S. rudru, Pol. rumiany, Rus. rumjanyj "flushed, red," of complexions, etc.; Lith. raudas; O.Ir. ruad, Welsh rhudd, Bret. ruz "red"). The only color for which a definite common PIE root word has been found. The surname Read/Reid retains the original Old English long vowel pronunciation.
The color as characteristic of "British possessions" on a map is attested from 1916. The red flag was used as a symbol of defiance in battle on land or sea from c.1600. To see red "get angry" is an Amer.Eng. expression first recorded 1900. Red light as a sign to stop is from 1849, long before traffic signals. As the sign of a brothel, it is attested from 1900. As a children's game (in ref. to the traffic light meaning) it is recorded from 1953. Red-letter day (late 14c.) was originally a saint's day, marked on church calendars in red letters. Red ball signifying "express" in railroad jargon is 1927, from the red ball mounted on a pole as a controlling signal. Red-blooded "vigorous, spirited" is recorded from 1877. Red dog, type of U.S. football pass rush, is recorded from 1959. Red shift in spectography is first recorded 1923. Red carpet "sumptuous welcome" is from 1934, but the custom for dignitaries is described as far back as Aeschylus (e.g. "Agamemnon").
{{12}}red (2) "Bolshevik," 1917, from RED (Cf. red) (1), the color they adopted for themselves. Association in Europe of red with revolutionary politics (on notion of blood and violence) is from at least 1297, but got a boost 1793 with adoption of the red Phrygian cap (Fr. bonnet rouge) as symbol of the French Revolution. First specific political reference in English was 1848 (adj.), in news reports of the Second French Republic (a.k.a. Red Republic). The noun meaning "radical, communist" is from 1851.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Red — Red, a. [Compar. {Redder} ( d?r); superl. {Reddest}.] [OE. red, reed, AS. re[ a]d, re[ o]d; akin to OS. r[=o]d, OFries. r[=a]d, D. rood, G. roht, rot, OHG. r[=o]t, Dan. & Sw. r[ o]d, Icel. rau[eth]r, rj[=o][eth]r, Goth. r[ a]uds, W. rhudd, Armor …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Red — steht für: Random early detection: ein Verfahren zum aktiven Warteschlangenmanagement in der Netzwerktechnologie Red Digital Cinema Camera Company, ein amerikanischer Hersteller von digitalen 35 mm Kinokameras, Objektiven, Suchern und Software… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Red. — steht für: Random early detection: ein Verfahren zum aktiven Warteschlangenmanagement in der Netzwerktechnologie Red Digital Cinema Camera Company, ein amerikanischer Hersteller von digitalen 35 mm Kinokameras, Objektiven, Suchern und Software… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RED — steht für: European Renewable Energy Directive R.E.D. – Älter, Härter, Besser, ein US amerikanischer Film aus dem Jahr 2010 Random early detection, ein Verfahren zum aktiven Warteschlangenmanagement in der Netzwerktechnologie Red Digital Cinema… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Red — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término red puede referirse a: Cuando se pretende unir entre sí un gran número de usuarios, lo cual resulta difícil por cuestiones fundamentalmente económicas la unión de todos con todos de forma directa. Dícese… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Red — /red/, n. a male or female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) red blood corpuscle red blood cell Red Army Faction Barber Red Erik the Red Grange Red Great Red Spot Red Khmer Red Army Red Brigades Red Cloud …   Universalium

  • red — rȇd m <N mn rȅdovi> DEFINICIJA 1. a. skup onoga što dolazi jedno za drugim b. položaj onoga što se nalazi poredano jedno za drugim, jedno ispred drugog ili jedno pored drugog [red stolica u kazalištu] 2. v. redak 3. a. društveni stalež,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • red — (Del lat. rete). 1. f. Aparejo hecho con hilos, cuerdas o alambres trabados en forma de mallas, y convenientemente dispuesto para pescar, cazar, cercar, sujetar, etc. 2. Labor o tejido de mallas. 3. redecilla (ǁ prenda de malla para el pelo). 4.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • red — [red] n. [ME < OE read, akin to Ger rot, ON rauthr < IE base * reudh , red > Gr erythros, L ruber, rufus, red, rubere, to be red, OIr rūad, Lith raũdas, red] 1. a primary color, or any of a spread of colors at the lower end of the… …   English World dictionary

  • RED — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Raide et Raid …   Wikipédia en Français

  • red*/*/*/ — [red] adj I 1) something that is red is the same colour as blood bright red lipstick[/ex] 2) red hair is a red brown or orange colour 3) red wine is dark red or purple in colour • go red to become red in the face because you are embarrassed[/ex]… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

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