proud

proud
proud (adj.) late O.E. prud, prute, probably from O.Fr. prud, oblique case of adjective prouz "brave, valiant" (11c.), from L.L. prode "advantageous, profitable" (c.200), from L. prodesse "be useful," from pro- "before" (see PRO- (Cf. pro-) + esse "to be." The sense of "have a high opinion of oneself," not found in Old French, might reflect the Anglo-Saxons' opinion of the Norman knights who called themselves "proud." O.N. pruðr, probably from the same French source, had only the sense "brave, gallant, magnificent, stately" (Cf. Icel. pruður, M.Swed. prudh, M.Da. prud). Likewise a group of "pride" words in the Romance languages -- e.g. Fr. orgueil, It. orgoglio, Sp. orgullo -- are borrowings from Germanic, where they had positive senses (Cf. O.H.G. urgol "distinguished").
Most I.E. languages use the same word for "proud" in its good and bad senses, but in many the bad sense seems to be the earlier one. The usual way to form the word is with some compound of words for "over" or "high" and words for "heart," "mood," "thought," or "appearance;" e.g. Gk. hyperephanos, lit. "over-appearing;" Goth. hauhþuhts, lit. "high-conscience." O.E. had ofermodig "over-moody" ("mood" in Anglo-Saxon was a much more potent word than presently) and heahheort "high-heart." Words for "proud" in other I.E. languages sometimes reflect a physical sense of being swollen or puffed up; Cf. Welsh balch, probably from a root meaning "to swell," and Modern Gk. kamari, from ancient Gk. kamarou "furnish with a vault or arched cover," with a sense evolution via "make an arch," to "puff out the chest," to "be puffed up" (Cf. English slang chesty).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • proud — W3S2 [praud] adj comparative prouder superlative proudest ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(pleased)¦ 2 proudest moment/achievement/possession 3¦(too high opinion)¦ 4¦(great self respect)¦ 5 do somebody proud 6¦(impressive)¦ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1100 1200; …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • proud — [ praud ] adjective ** 1. ) feeling happy about your achievements, your possessions, or people you are connected with: proud of: We re so proud of her for telling the truth. proud to do something: I m proud to say that we made the right decision …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Proud — Proud, a. [Compar. {Prouder}; superl. {Proudest}.] [OE. proud, prout, prud, prut, AS. pr[=u]t; akin to Icel. pr[=u][eth]r stately, handsome, Dan. prud handsome. Cf. {Pride}.] 1. Feeling or manifesting pride, in a good or bad sense; as: (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proud — [proud] adj. [ME < OE prud < OFr < LL prode, beneficial, back form. < L prodesse, to be useful < prod , var. of pro , PRO 2 + esse, to be: for IE base see IS1] 1. having or showing a proper pride in oneself, one s position, one s… …   English World dictionary

  • proud — 1 Proud, arrogant, haughty, lordly, insolent, overbearing, supercilious, disdainful can mean in common filled with or showing a sense of one s superiority and scorn for what one regards as in some way inferior. Proud (see also proud under PRIDE… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • proud — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (often proud of) feeling pride or satisfaction in one s own or another s achievements. 2) having or showing a high opinion of oneself. 3) conscious of one s own dignity. 4) (often proud of) slightly projecting from a surface. 5)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Proud — may refer to: * Pride, the sense of one s own worth * Proud (film), a 2004 film dramatizing the story of the African American crew of USS Mason (DE 529) * Proud (Heather Small album), the debut album by Heather Small * Proud (song), a song by… …   Wikipedia

  • proud — [adj1] pleased, pleasing appreciative, august, content, contented, dignified, eminent, fiery, fine, glad, glorious, gorgeous, grand, gratified, gratifying, great, great hearted, honored, illustrious, imposing, impressive, magnificent, majestic,… …   New thesaurus

  • proud — I (conceited) adjective affected, aloof, arrogant, assuming, boastful, braggart, condescending, contemptuous, defiant, disdainful, egoistic, egoistical, flaunting, haughty, imperious, insolent, lordly, obstinate, orgulous, overweening,… …   Law dictionary

  • proud */*/ — UK [praʊd] / US adjective Word forms proud : adjective proud comparative prouder superlative proudest Metaphor: Being too proud, and thinking that you are better than other people, is like being high up. Being humble is like being low down. I can …   English dictionary

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