protoplasm 1848, from Ger. Protoplasma (1846), used by German botanist Hugo von Mohl (1805-72), from Gk. proto- "first" (see PROTO- (Cf. proto-)) + plasma "something molded" (see PLASMA (Cf. plasma)). The word was in Late Latin meaning "first created thing," and may have existed in ecclesiastical Greek in a different sense. It was used 1839 by Czech physiologist Johannes Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869) to denote the gelatinous fluid found in living tissue. This word prevailed, though German language purists preferred Urschleim "original mucus."

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  • Protoplasm — is the living contents of a cell that are surrounded by a plasma membrane.cite book |author=Cammack, Richard; Teresa Atwood; Attwood, Teresa K.; Campbell, Peter Scott; Parish, Howard I.; Smith, Tony; Vella, Frank; Stirling, John |title=Oxford… …   Wikipedia

  • Protoplasm — Pro to*plasm, n. [Proto + Gr. ? form, fr. ? to mold.] (Biol.) The viscid and more or less granular material of vegetable and animal cells, possessed of vital properties by which the processes of nutrition, secretion, and growth go forward; the so …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • protoplasm — protoplasm. См. протоплазма. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • protoplasm — ► NOUN Biology ▪ the material comprising the living part of a cell, including the cytoplasm, nucleus, and other organelles. DERIVATIVES protoplasmic adjective. ORIGIN Greek pr toplasma, from protos first + plasma (see PLASMA(Cf. ↑plasmic)) …   English terms dictionary

  • protoplasm — [prōt′ə plaz΄əm] n. [Ger protoplasma: see PROTO & PLASMA] a semifluid, viscous, translucent colloid, the essential living matter of all animal and plant cells: it consists largely of water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and inorganic salts and …   English World dictionary

  • protoplasm — protoplasmic, protoplasmal, protoplasmatic /proh toh plaz mat ik/, adj. /proh teuh plaz euhm/, n. 1. Biol. (no longer in technical use) the colloidal and liquid substance of which cells are formed, excluding horny, chitinous, and other structural …   Universalium

  • PROTOPLASM —    a name given to presumed living matter forming the physical bases of all forms of animal and vegetable life; the term is now superseded by the term bioplasm. See DR. STIRLING, AS REGARDS PROTOPLASM …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • protoplasm — protoplazma statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Gyvasis ląstelės turinys, apsuptas plazmalemos, eukariotų; tai branduolys su citoplazma. atitikmenys: angl. protoplasm rus. протоплазма ryšiai: sinonimas – bioplazma …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • protoplasm — noun Etymology: German Protoplasma, from prot + New Latin plasma Date: 1848 1. the organized colloidal complex of organic and inorganic substances (as proteins and water) that constitutes the living nucleus, cytoplasm, plastids, and mitochondria… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • protoplasm — n. [Gr. protos, first; plasma, formed or molded] Matter by which the phenomena of life are manifested …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

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