plaintiff (n.) c.1400, from Anglo-Fr. pleintif (late 13c.), noun use of O.Fr. plaintif "complaining," from pleint (see PLAINT (Cf. plaint)). Identical with plaintive at first; the form that receded into legal usage retained the older -iff spelling.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • plaintiff — plain·tiff / plān təf/ n [Middle French plaintif, from plaintif, adj., grieving, from plaint lamentation, from Latin planctus, from plangere to strike, beat one s breast, lament]: the party who institutes a legal action or claim (as a… …   Law dictionary

  • plaintiff — plain‧tiff [ˈpleɪntf] noun [countable] LAW someone who brings a legal action against someone in a court of law; = COMPLAINANT: • plaintiffs seeking damages from cigarette manufacturers * * * plaintiff UK US /ˈpleɪntɪf/ noun [C] LAW …   Financial and business terms

  • Plaintiff — Plain tiff, n. [F. plaintif making complaint, plaintive; in Old French equiv. to plaignant complainant, prosecutor, fr. plaindre. See {Plaint}, and cf. {Plaintive}.] (Law) One who commences a personal action or suit to obtain a remedy for an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plaintiff — Plain tiff, a. See {Plaintive}. [Obs.] Prior. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plaintiff — a person or business that files a formal complaint with the court (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) A person who initiates a case in Court. That person may also be referred to as the Claimant, Petitioner or Applicant. The person who is being… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • plaintiff — ► NOUN Law ▪ a person who brings a case against another in a court of law. Compare with DEFENDANT(Cf. ↑defendant). ORIGIN Old French plaintif plaintive …   English terms dictionary

  • plaintiff — [plān′tif] n. [ME plaintif < OFr, mournful, making complaint < plaindre < plainte: see PLAINT] a person who brings a suit into a court of law; complainant …   English World dictionary

  • Plaintiff — A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand), also known as a claimant or complainant, is the term used in some jurisdictions for the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court. By doing so, the plaintiff seeks a legal remedy,… …   Wikipedia

  • plaintiff — noun VERB + PLAINTIFF ▪ represent ▪ compensate PLAINTIFF + VERB ▪ bring an action (against sb), sue sb ▪ allege sth, argue sth …   Collocations dictionary

  • plaintiff — UK [ˈpleɪntɪf] / US noun [countable] Word forms plaintiff : singular plaintiff plural plaintiffs legal someone who brings a legal case against someone else in a court of law. The person against whom the case is brought is called the defendant …   English dictionary

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