{{11}}orphan (n.) c.1300, from L.L. orphanus "parentless child" (Cf. O.Fr. orfeno, It. orfano), from Gk. orphanos "orphaned," lit. "deprived," from orphos "bereft," from PIE *orbho- "bereft of father," also "deprived of free status," from root *orbh- "to change allegiance, to pass from one status to another" (Cf. Hittite harb- "change allegiance," L. orbus "bereft," Skt. arbhah "weak, child," Arm. orb "orphan," O.Ir. orbe "heir," O.C.S. rabu "slave," rabota "servitude" (Cf. ROBOT (Cf. robot)), Goth. arbja, Ger. erbe, O.E. ierfa "heir," O.H.G. arabeit, Ger. Arbeit "work," O.Fris. arbed, O.E. earfoð "hardship, suffering, trouble").
{{12}}orphan (v.) 1814, from ORPHAN (Cf. orphan) (n.). Related: Orphaned; orphaning.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • orphan — or·phan n: a child deprived by death of one or usu. both parents; broadly: a child without a parent or guardian Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. orphan …   Law dictionary

  • orphan — [ôr′fən] n. [LL(Ec) orphanus < Gr orphanos < IE base * orbho , orphan > L orbus, bereft, Ger erbe, inheritance, arbeit, work, Czech robotnik, serf] a child whose father and mother are dead: sometimes applied to a child who has lost only… …   English World dictionary

  • Orphan — Or phan, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Orphaned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Orphaning}.] To cause to become an orphan; to deprive of parents. Young. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • orphan — ► NOUN ▪ a child whose parents are dead. ► VERB (usu. be orphaned) ▪ make an orphan. ORIGIN from Greek orphanos bereaved …   English terms dictionary

  • Orphan — Or phan, a. Bereaved of parents, or (sometimes) of one parent. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orphan — Or phan, n. [L. orphanus, Gr. ?, akin to L. orbus. Cf. {Orb} a blank window.] A child bereaved of both father and mother; sometimes, also, a child who has but one parent living. [1913 Webster] {Orphans court} (Law), a court in some of the States… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orphan —   [engl.], Schusterjunge …   Universal-Lexikon

  • orphan — [n] child without parents foundling, ragamuffin*, stray, waif; concept 414 …   New thesaurus

  • Orphan — For other uses, see Orphan (disambiguation). Orphans by Thomas Kennington An orphan (from the Greek ὀρφανός[1]) is a child permanently bereaved of or abandoned by his or her parents …   Wikipedia

  • Orphan — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Orphan – Das Waisenkind Originaltitel Orphan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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