mate

mate
{{11}}mate (n.1) "associate, fellow, comrade," mid-14c., also "companion" (late 14c.), from M.L.G. mate, gemate "one eating at the same table, messmate," from P.Gmc. *ga-maton "having food (*matiz) together (*ga-)," which is etymologically identical with COMPANION (Cf. companion). Cognate with Dan., Swed. mat, Ger. Maat "mate," Du. maat, from German. Meaning "one of a wedded pair" is attested from 1540s. Used as a form of address by sailors, laborers, etc., since at least mid-15c. Meaning "officer on a merchant vessel is from late 15c.
{{12}}mate (n.2) in chess, "a condition of checkmate," c.1300, mat, from M.Fr. mat, from O.Fr. mater (see MATE (Cf. mate) (v.2)).
{{12}}mate (v.1) c.1500, "to equal, rival," 1590s as "to match, couple, marry, join in marriage," from MATE (Cf. mate) (n.1). Also, of animals, "to pair for the purpose of breeding." Related: Mated; mating.
{{13}}mate (v.2) "checkmate," c.1300, from O.Fr. mater "to checkmate, defeat, overcome," from mat "checkmated" (see CHECKMATE (Cf. checkmate) (v.)).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • maté — [ mate ] n. m. • 1716; mati 1633; hispano amér. mate, du quechua mati ♦ Variété de houx qui croît en Amérique du Sud et dont les feuilles torréfiées et pulvérisées fournissent, infusées dans l eau chaude, une boisson stimulante. ⇒ thé (du Brésil) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mate — puede referirse: al mate (Lagenaria siceraria), especie de calabaza; al mate, una infusión de yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) común del Cono Sur sudamericano; al mate cocido, una variante de la infusión llamada mate; al mate de coca, infusión o… …   Wikipedia Español

  • mate — s. m. [Antigo] Espécie de quilate com que se avaliava a pureza do ouro em Malaca.   ‣ Etimologia: inglês matte mate s. m. 1.  [Botânica] Planta ilicácea da América do Sul. = CONGONHA, ERVA MATE 2. Folha dessa planta, geralmente seca e preparada… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Mate — Mate, n. [Perhaps for older make a companion; cf. also OD. maet companion, mate, D. maat. Cf. {Make} a companion, {Match} a mate.] 1. One who customarily associates with another; a companion; an associate; any object which is associated or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Máté — ist als eine ungarische Form des Namens Matthias ein männlicher Vorname,[1] der auch als Familienname vorkommt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • maté — maté, ée 1. (ma té, tée) part. passé de mater1. Qui a reçu un échec et mat. Maté dès les premiers coups.    Fig. Qui a perdu force et ressort. Maté par l adversité. maté 2. (ma té) s. m. Herbe du Paraguay (voy. houx). SUPPLÉMENT AU DICTIONNAIRE 2 …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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