lozenge (n.) figure having four equal sides and two acute and two obtuse angles, early 14c., from O.Fr. losenge "windowpane, small square cake," etc., used for many flat quadrilateral things (Mod.Fr. losange). It has cognates in Sp. losanje, Catalan llosange, It. lozanga. Probably from a pre-Roman Celtic language, perhaps Iberian *lausa or Gaul. *lausa "flat stone" (Cf. Prov. lausa, Sp. losa, Catalan llosa, Port. lousa "slab, tombstone"), from a pre-Celtic language.
Originally in English a term in heraldry; meaning "small cake or tablet (originally diamond-shaped) of medicine and sugar, etc., meant to be held in the mouth and dissolved" is from 1520s.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Lozenge — Loz enge (l[o^]z [e^]nj), n. [F. lozange, losange; perh. the same as OF. losengef flattery, praise, the heraldic sense being the oldest (cf. E. hatchment, blazon). Cf. {Losenger}, {Laudable}.] 1. (Her.) (a) A diamond shaped figure usually with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lozenge — Lozenge, Tessera, Tessella …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • lozenge — ► NOUN 1) a rhombus or diamond shape. 2) a small medicinal tablet, originally of this shape, sucked to soothe a sore throat. ORIGIN Old French losenge, probably from Latin lausiae lapides stone slabs …   English terms dictionary

  • lozenge — [läz′ənj] n. [ME losenge < OFr, prob. < Gaul * lausa, stone slab: from the shape] 1. a plane figure with four equal sides and two obtuse angles; diamond 2. a cough drop or small piece of hard candy, at one time made in a diamond shape …   English World dictionary

  • Lozenge — This article is about the shape. For the cough tablets, see Throat lozenge. For lozenges in heraldry, see Lozenge (heraldry). Lozenge A lozenge (◊), often referred to as a diamond, is a form of rhombus. The definition of lozenge is not strictly… …   Wikipedia

  • lozenge — n. 1 a rhombus or diamond figure. 2 a small sweet or medicinal tablet, orig. lozenge shaped, for dissolving in the mouth. 3 a lozenge shaped pane in a window. 4 Heraldry a lozenge shaped device. 5 the lozenge shaped facet of a cut gem.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • lozenge — UK [ˈlɒzɪndʒ] / US [ˈlɑzəndʒ] noun [countable] Word forms lozenge : singular lozenge plural lozenges 1) medicine shaped like a sweet that you suck if you have a cough or sore throat 2) maths a shape with four sloping sides …   English dictionary

  • lozenge — Tablet Ta blet, n. [F. tablette, dim. of table. See {Table}.] 1. A small table or flat surface. [1913 Webster] 2. A flat piece of any material on which to write, paint, draw, or engrave; also, such a piece containing an inscription or a picture.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lozenge — noun Etymology: Middle English losenge, from Anglo French Date: 14th century 1. a figure with four equal sides and two acute and two obtuse angles ; diamond 2. something shaped like a lozenge 3. a small usually sweetened and flavored medicated… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lozenge — Gène de la drosophile La drosophile Drosophila melanogaster est un animal modèle de la génétique. Sa petite taille, son taux de reproduction ainsi que son cycle de vie court permettent d en faire facilement l élevage dans de simples bocaux à… …   Wikipédia en Français

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