{{11}}incumbent (adj.) 1560s, in relation to duties or obligations, from L. incumbentem (nom. incumbens), prp. of incumbere (see INCUMBENT (Cf. incumbent) (n.)). The literal, physical sense is rare in English and first attested 1620s.
{{12}}incumbent (n.) early 15c., "person holding a church position," from M.L. incumbentem (nom. incumbens) "holder of a church position," noun use of prp. of incumbere "to obtain or possess," from L. incumbere "recline on," figuratively "apply oneself to," from in- "on" (see IN- (Cf. in-) (2)) + -combere "lie down," related to cubare "to lie" (see CUBICLE (Cf. cubicle)). Extended to holders of any office from 1670s.

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  • incumbent — I noun bureaucrat, commissioner, dignitary, functionary, holder of an office, job holder, minister, occupant of an office, officebearer, officeholder, officer, official, person in authority associated concepts: de facto incumbent, incumbent… …   Law dictionary

  • Incumbent — In*cum bent, a. [L. incumbens, entis, p. pr. of incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in in, on + cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See {Incubate}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • incumbent — [in kum′bənt] adj. [L incumbens, prp. of incumbere, to recline or rest on < in , on + cubare, to lie down: see CUBE1] 1. lying, resting, or pressing with its weight on something else 2. currently in office n. the holder of an office or… …   English World dictionary

  • Incumbent — In*cum bent, n. A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office. [1913 Webster] The incumbent lieth at the mercy of his patron. Swift. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Incumbent — Local Exchange Carrier (ILEC; deutsch: Etablierter Betreiber von Ortsnetzen) ist der auch im Deutschen gebräuchliche Fachbegriff in der Marktregulierung der Telekommunikation für bei der Marktöffnung bereits auf einem Markt etablierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • incumbent — INCUMBÉNT, Ă adj. (bot.; despre organe) culcat pe un alt organ, fără să concrească cu acesta. (< engl. incumbent, lat. incumbens) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • incumbent — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (incumbent on/upon) necessary for (someone) as a duty. 2) currently holding office. ► NOUN ▪ the holder of an office or post. ORIGIN Latin incumbens, from incumbere lie or lean on …   English terms dictionary

  • incumbent on — index mandatory, obligatory, requisite Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Incumbent — Open seat redirects here. For the tennis tournament, see Open SEAT. For the ecclesiastical office, see Incumbent (ecclesiastical). The incumbent, in politics, is the existing holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to …   Wikipedia

  • incumbent — ▪ I. incumbent in‧cum‧bent 1 I ve split the sense into two. [ɪnˈkʌmbənt] noun [countable] 1. the person who has a particular job or position at this time, rather than one who wants it or may have it later: • Nine out of ten incumbents who seek re …   Financial and business terms

  • incumbent — in|cum|bent1 [ınˈkʌmbənt] n formal [Date: 1400 1500; : Latin; Origin: , present participle of incumbere to lie down on ] someone who has been elected to an official position, especially in politics, and who is doing that job at the present time ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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