hoist (v.) 1540s, "to raise," earlier hoise (c.1500), probably originally past tense of M.E. hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from M.Du. hyssen (Du. hijsen) "to hoist," related to Low Ger. hissen and O.N. hissa upp "raise." A nautical word found in most European languages (e.g. Fr. hisser, It. issare, Sp. izar), but it is uncertain which had it first. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one's own PETARD (Cf. petard), it is the past participle.
For 'tis the sport, to have the engineer
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O 'tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
["Hamlet," Act III, Scene iv]
Meaning "to lift and remove" was prevalent c.1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, from the verb.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hoist — may refer to: *Hoist (device), a machine for lifting loads *hoist controller, a machine for raising and lowering goods or personnel by means of a cable *Hydraulic hooklift hoist, another machine *Hoist (flag), the half of a flag nearer to the… …   Wikipedia

  • hoist — [hɔɪst] verb [transitive] to increase something quickly or suddenly: • The state is getting ready to hoist its sales tax next week. hoist noun [countable] : • High Street banks raised their lending rates by 2% following the Government s initial… …   Financial and business terms

  • hoist´er — hoist «hoyst», verb, noun. –v.t. to raise on high; lift up, often with ropes and pulleys: »to hoist a flag, to hoist sails, to hoist blocks of stone in building. –n. 1. the act of hoisting; lift; boost: »He gave me a hoist up the wall. 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • hoist — ► VERB 1) raise by means of ropes and pulleys. 2) haul or lift up. ► NOUN 1) an act of hoisting. 2) an apparatus for hoisting. 3) the part of a flag nearest the staff. 4) a group of flags raised as a signal …   English terms dictionary

  • Hoist — Hoist, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Hoisted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Hoisting}.] [OE. hoise, hyse, OD. hyssen, D. hijshen; akin to LG. hissen, Dan. hisse, Sw. hissa.] To raise; to lift; to elevate; esp., to raise or lift to a desired elevation, by means of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hoist — Hoist, p. p. Hoisted. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] T is the sport to have the enginer Hoist with his own petar. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hoist — Hoist, n. 1. That by which anything is hoisted; the apparatus for lifting goods. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of hoisting; a lift. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] 3. (Naut.) (a) The perpendicular height of a flag, as opposed to the fly, or horizontal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hoist — hoist; hoist·er; hoist·man; …   English syllables

  • hoist — meaning ‘to raise or haul up’, has past and past participle forms hoisted. Historically hoist is a participial form of an earlier verb hoise (with the same meaning), and it survives in this form in the expression hoist with one s own petard,… …   Modern English usage

  • hoist — [hoist] vt. [< HOISE + unhistoric t (< ? the pp.)] to raise aloft; lift or pull up, esp. by means of a cable, pulley, crane, etc. n. 1. an act of hoisting 2. an apparatus for raising heavy things; elevator; tackle 3. Naut. a) the… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”