hock

hock
{{11}}hock (n.1) "joint in the hind leg of a horse," mid-15c., earlier hockshin (late 14c.), from O.E. hohsinu "sinew of the heel, Achilles' tendon," lit. "heel sinew," from hoh "heel," from P.Gmc. *hanhaz (Cf. Ger. Hachse "hock," O.E. hæla "heel"), from PIE *kenk- "heel, bend of the knee."
{{12}}hock (n.2) "Rhenish wine," 1620s, shortening of Hockamore, from Ger. Hochheimer, "(wine) of Hochheim," town on the Main where wine was made; sense extended to German white wines in general.
{{12}}hock (n.3) "pawn, debt," first recorded 1859 in Amer.Eng. as in hock, which meant both "in debt" and "in prison," from Du. hok "jail, pen, doghouse, hutch, hovel." The verb is 1878, from the noun.
When one gambler is caught by another, smarter than himself, and is beat, then he is in hock. Men are only caught, or put in hock, on the race-tracks, or on the steamboats down South. ... Among thieves a man is in hock when he is in prison. [G.W. Matsell, "Vocabulum," 1859]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • hock — [hɒk ǁ hɑːk] noun informal FINANCE 1. in hock in debt: • The newspaper is now in hock to a group of business tycoons. • The Egyptian economy was effectively in hock. 2. go into hock to go into debt …   Financial and business terms

  • hock — hock·day; hock; hock·el·ty; hock·et; hock·ey·ist; hock·ing; hol·ly·hock; mo·hock; mo·hock·ism; hock·er; hock·ey; Hock; hock·ey·ite; lo·hock; …   English syllables

  • Höck — ist ein Familienname: Christian Höck (* 1984), professioneller Unreal Tournament Spieler Christina Meier Höck (* 1966), ehemalige deutsche Skirennläuferin Heinrich Höck (1700−1779), deutscher evangelischer Theologe Johann Daniel Albrecht Höck… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hock — Ⅰ. hock [1] ► NOUN 1) the joint in the hind leg of a four legged animal, between the knee and the fetlock. 2) a knuckle of pork or ham. ORIGIN variant of an Old English word meaning «heel». Ⅱ. hock [2] ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Hock — Hock, v. t. 1. To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough. [1913 Webster] 2. To pawn; as, to hock one s jewelry. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hock — Hock, n. 1. The state of having been pawned; usually preceded by in; as, all her jewelry is in hock. [PJC] 2. The state of being in debt; as, it took him two years to get out of hock. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hock — ist die englische Bezeichnung für deutschen Weißwein vom Rhein. Die Bezeichnung leitet sich ab von dem Rheingauer Wein der Stadt Hochheim am Main, einer Weinstadt bei Wiesbaden. Der Begriff fand vermutlich seine Verbreitung, nachdem Queen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hock — hock1 [häk] n. [S Brit var. of Scot hough < ME hoh, heel < OE < Gmc * hanha, HEEL1, with loss of nasal as in SOFT, TOOTH] 1. the joint bending backward in the hind leg of a horse, ox, etc., corresponding to the human ankle: see HORSE 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Hock — Hock, Hough Hough, n. [ AS. h?h the heel; prob. akin to Icel. h[=a]sinn hock sinew, Dan. hasc, G. hechse, h[ a]chse, LG. hacke, D. hak; also to L. coxa hip (cf. {Cuisses}), Skr. kaksha armpit. [root]12. Cf. {Heel}.] 1. (a) The joint in the hind… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hock — Hock, n. [So called from Hochheim, in Germany.] A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still. The name is also given indiscriminately to all Rhenish wines …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hock — (Seew.), 1) Stall für Vieh an Bord, u. je nach dessen Art Hühnerhock, Schafbock; sein Platz ist unter dem Vorkastell; Masten Hock, ein geschlossener Raum, in welchem das Holz für Masten unter Wasser gehalten wird, um abzuliegen; 2) in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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