hazard

hazard
{{11}}hazard (n.) c.1300, from O.Fr. hasard, hasart (12c.) "game of chance played with dice," possibly from Sp. azar "an unfortunate card or throw at dice," which is said to be from Arabic az-zahr (for al-zahr) "the die." But this is doubtful because of the absence of zahr in classical Arabic dictionaries. Klein suggests Arabic yasara "he played at dice;" Arabic -s- regularly becomes Sp. -z-. The -d was added in French in confusion with the native suffix -ard. Sense evolved in French to "chances in gambling," then "chances in life." In English, sense of "chance of loss or harm, risk" first recorded 1540s.
{{12}}hazard (v.) "put something at stake in a game of chance," 1520s, from M.Fr. hasarder "to play at gambling" (15c.), from hasard (see HAZARD (Cf. hazard) (n.)). Related: Hazarded; hazarding.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • hazard — HAZARD. s. m. (L H s aspire.) Fortune, sort, rencontre fortuite. Coup de hazard. ce sera un grand hazard si telle chose n arrive. donner quelque chose au hazard. donner tout au hazard. c est un pur effet du hazard. il a trouvé un bon hazard. Jeu… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Hazard — (altfranzösisch hasart „Würfelspiel“ von arabisch az zahr „Spielwürfel“) ist: ein Glücksspiel, siehe Hazard (Würfelspiel) ein Hazard / Hasardspiel, eine vom Würfelspiel abgeleitete Bezeichnung für ein Glücksspiel, siehe Glücksspiel ein Spiel bzw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hazard — haz‧ard [ˈhæzəd ǁ ərd] noun [countable] something that may be dangerous, cause problems, accidents etc: • There may be other workplaces with similar fire hazards. • We want to take waste away from places where it poses a health hazard. • The… …   Financial and business terms

  • hazard — HAZÁRD, hazarduri, s.n. Împrejurare sau concurs de împrejurări (favorabile sau nefavorabile) a căror cauză rămâne în general necunoscută; p. ext. întâmplare neprevăzută, neaşteptată. ♦ Soartă, destin. ♢ Joc de hazard = joc de noroc. – Din fr.… …   Dicționar Român

  • hazard — haz·ard / ha zərd/ n: a condition that tends to create or increase the possibility of loss used esp. in insurance law Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. hazard …   Law dictionary

  • Hazard — Haz ard (h[a^]z [ e]rd), n. [F. hasard, Sp. azar an unforeseen disaster or accident, an unfortunate card or throw at dice, prob. fr. Ar. zahr, z[=a]r, a die, which, with the article al the, would give azzahr, azz[=a]r.] 1. A game of chance played …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hazard — Hazard, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 66 Housing Units (2000): 39 Land area (2000): 0.253208 sq. miles (0.655805 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.253208 sq. miles (0.655805 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hazard — Haz ard, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Hazarded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Hazarding}.] [Cf. F. hasarder. See {Hazard}, n.] [1913 Webster] 1. To expose to the operation of chance; to put in danger of loss or injury; to venture; to risk. [1913 Webster] Men hazard… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hazard — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. hazardrdzie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} niebezpieczne przedsięwzięcie, którego wynik jest wątpliwy i zależny wyłącznie od przypadku, ślepego losu; ryzyko : {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Hazard, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 4806 Housing Units (2000): 2291 Land area (2000): 7.019985 sq. miles (18.181678 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.019985 sq. miles (18.181678 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hazard, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 66 Housing Units (2000): 39 Land area (2000): 0.253208 sq. miles (0.655805 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.253208 sq. miles (0.655805 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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