Hessian from former Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel, western Germany; its soldiers being hired out by the ruler to fight for other countries, especially the British during the American Revolution, the name Hessians (unjustly) became synonymous with "mercenaries." Hessian fly (Cecidomyia destructor) was a destructive parasite the ravaged U.S. crops late 18c., so named 1787 in erroneous belief that it was carried into America by the Hessians.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Hessian — Hes sian, a. Of or relating to Hesse, in Germany, or to the Hessians. [1913 Webster] {Hessian boots}, or {Hessians}, boot of a kind worn in England, in the early part of the nineteenth century, tasseled in front. Thackeray. {Hessian cloth}, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hessian — HESSIÁN s.n. Ţesătură de iută cu legătură de pânză, folosită în tapiţerie, la confecţionarea sarcinilor şi ca ambalaj. [pr.: si an] – Din fr. hessian. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  hessián s. n. (sil. si an) Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Hessian — Hes sian, n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Hesse. [1913 Webster] 2. A mercenary or venal person. [U. S.] [1913 Webster] Note: This use is a relic of the patriot hatred of the Hessian mercenaries who served with the British troops in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hessian — bezeichnet ein Textil, siehe Hessian (Textil) ein Webprotokoll, siehe Hessian (Webprotokoll) einen Soldatenhandel unter Landgraf Friedrich II. von Hessen Kassel Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hessian — boots (kneehigh and tasseled); hessian fly (insect feeding on grass and wheat stems) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Hessian — [hesh′ən] adj. of Hesse or its people n. 1. a person born or living in Hesse 2. any of the Hessian mercenaries who fought for the British in the Revolutionary War 3. [h ] a coarse cloth used for bags …   English World dictionary

  • Hessian — (engl., spr. héschänn), mittelgrobes Zeug aus ungebleichtem Jutegespinst …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • hessian — ► NOUN ▪ a strong, coarse fabric made from hemp or jute, used especially for sacks and in upholstery. ORIGIN from Hesse, a state of western Germany …   English terms dictionary

  • Hessian — The term Hessian refers to the inhabitants of the German state of Hesse.Hessian may also mean: * Hessian (soldiers), soldiers from German states with in the Holy Roman Empire who fought in the American Revolutionary War and other conflicts *… …   Wikipedia

  • hessian — n. & adj. n. 1 a strong coarse sacking made of hemp or jute. 2 (Hessian) a native of Hesse in Germany. adj. (Hessian) of or concerning Hesse. Phrases and idioms: Hessian boot a tasselled high boot first worn by Hessian troops. Hessian fly a midge …   Useful english dictionary

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