furlough 1620s, vorloffe, from Du. verlof, lit. "permission," from M.Du. ver- "completely, for" + laf, lof "permission," which is related to the second element in BELIEVE (Cf. believe) and to LEAVE (Cf. leave) (n.). The -gh spelling developed by 1770s and represents an "f" that was once pronounced at the end of the word but disappeared fairly soon thereafter in English. The verb is from 1783. Related: Furloughed; furloughing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Furlough — Fur lough, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Furloughed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Furloughing}.] (Mil.) To furnish with a furlough; to grant leave of absence to, as to an officer or soldier …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • furlough — ► NOUN ▪ leave of absence, especially from military duty. ► VERB US ▪ grant furlough to. ORIGIN Dutch verlof …   English terms dictionary

  • furlough — [fʉr′lō] n. [earlier furloff < Du verlof, modeled on Ger verlaub < MHG verlouben, to permit < ver , FOR + loube, permission, akin to LEAVE2] a leave of absence; esp., a leave granted to military enlisted personnel for a specified period… …   English World dictionary

  • Furlough — Fur lough, n. [Prob. fr. D. verlof, fr. a prefix akin to E. for + the root of E. lief, and akin to Dan. forlov, Sw. f[ o]rlof, G. verlaub permission. See {Life}, a.] (Mil.) Leave of absence; especially, leave given to an officer or soldier to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • furlough — I noun absence, commeatus, holiday, leave, leave of absence, leisure, liberty, recess, respite, rest, suspension of work, time off, vacation II index holiday, leave (absence) Burton s Leg …   Law dictionary

  • furlough — [n] leave of absence layoff, leave, liberty, rest and recreation, rest and recuperation, rest and relaxation, R R, sabbatical, shore leave, shutdown, vacation; concepts 802,807 …   New thesaurus

  • Furlough — A furlough (IPAEng|ˈfɝloʊ) is a temporary leave of absence, especially from duty in the armed services or from a prison term. In these cases, a furlough is a vacation. In some Commonwealth countries (such as Australia and New Zealand), furlough… …   Wikipedia

  • furlough — [[t]fɜ͟ː(r)loʊ[/t]] furloughs, furloughing, furloughed 1) N VAR If workers are given furlough, they are told to stay away from work for a certain period because there is not enough for them to do. [AM] This could mean a massive furlough of… …   English dictionary

  • furlough — fur|lough [ˈfə:ləu US ˈfə:rlou] n [U and C] [Date: 1600 1700; : Dutch; Origin: verlof permission ] 1.) a period of time when a soldier or someone working in another country can return to their own country = ↑leave ▪ a young soldier home on… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • furlough — I UK [ˈfɜː(r)ləʊ] / US [ˈfɜrloʊ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms furlough : singular furlough plural furloughs mainly literary a period of time during which someone is allowed to be away from a job or the armed forces II UK [ˈfɜː(r)ləʊ] / …   English dictionary

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