{{11}}broil (v.1) "to cook," late 14c. (earlier "to burn," mid-14c.), from O.Fr. bruller "to broil, roast" (Mod.Fr. brûler), earlier brusler "to burn" (11c.), which, with It. bruciare, is of uncertain and much-disputed origin. Perhaps from V.L. *brodum "broth," borrowed from Germanic and ultimately related to BREW (Cf. brew) (v.). Gamillscheg proposes it to be from L. ustulare "to scorch, singe" (from ustus, pp. of urere "to burn") and altered by influence of Germanic "burn" words beginning in br-. Related: Broiled; broiling.
{{12}}broil (v.2) early 15c., "to quarrel, brawl," also "mix up, present in disorder," from Anglo-Fr. broiller "mix up, confuse," O.Fr. brooillier "to mix, mingle," figuratively "to have sexual intercourse" (13c., Mod.Fr. brouiller), perhaps from breu, bro "stock, broth, brew," from Frankish or another Germanic source (Cf. O.H.G. brod "broth") akin to BROTH (Cf. broth) (see BREW (Cf. brew) (v.)); also compare IMBROGLIO (Cf. imbroglio).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • broil — broil·er; broil·er·man; broil·ing·ly; em·broil·er; em·broil·ment; char·broil; broil; em·broil; char·broil·er; …   English syllables

  • broil — broil1 [broil] vt. [ME broilen < OFr bruillir, to broil, roast; prob. by confusion of bruir, to burn (< Gmc * brojan, to brew) & usler < L ustulare, to singe] 1. to cook by exposing to a flame or other direct source of intense heat 2. to …   English World dictionary

  • Broil — Broil, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Broiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Broiling}.] [OE. broilen, OF. bruillir, fr. bruir to broil, burn; of Ger. origin; cf. MHG. br[ u]ejen, G. br[ u]hen, to scald, akin to E. brood.] 1. To cook by direct exposure to heat over a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Broil — Broil, n. [F. brouiller to disorder, from LL. brogilus, broilus, brolium, thicket, wood, park; of uncertain origin; cf. W. brog a swelling out, OHG. pr[=o]il marsh, G. br[ u]hl, MHG. brogen to rise. The meaning tumult, confusion, comes apparently …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Broil — Broil, v. i. To be subjected to the action of heat, as meat over the fire; to be greatly heated, or to be made uncomfortable with heat. [1913 Webster] The planets and comets had been broiling in the sun. Cheyne. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • broil — [ brɔıl ] verb intransitive or transitive AMERICAN to cook something by putting it close to strong heat above or below it, for example in a part of the oven called the broiler or on a BARBECUE (=fire for cooking outside): broiled chicken Sprinkle …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • broil — [brɔıl] v [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: bruler to burn ] 1.) [T] AmE to cook something under direct heat, or over a flame on a ↑barbecue British Equivalent: grill ▪ broiled chicken 2.) [I and T] …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • broil — n fracas, melee, row, *brawl, rumpus, scrap Analogous words: fray, affray, fight, conflict, combat, *contest: altercation, wrangle, *quarrel: contention, strife, dissension, conflict (see DISCORD) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • broil — [v] cook under direct heat burn, melt, roast, scorch, sear, swelter; concept 170 Ant. freeze …   New thesaurus

  • broil — ► VERB chiefly N. Amer. 1) cook (meat or fish) by exposure to direct heat. 2) become very hot. ORIGIN Old French bruler to burn …   English terms dictionary

  • broil|er — «BROY luhr», noun, adjective. –n. 1. a pan or rack for broiling: »Mother set the lamb chops on the broiler. 2. a young chicken, tender enough for broiling. 3. a person or thing that broils. 4. Informal. a very hot day; scorcher. –adj. (of… …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”