beatnik coined 1958 by San Francisco newspaper columnist Herb Caen during the heyday of -nik suffixes in the wake of SPUTNIK (Cf. Sputnik). From Beat generation (1952), associated with beat (n.) in its meaning "rhythm (especially in jazz)" as well as beat (pp. adj.) "worn out, exhausted," but originator Jack Kerouac (1922-1969) in 1958 connected it with BEATITUDE (Cf. beatitude).
The origins of the word beat are obscure, but the meaning is only too clear to most Americans. More than the feeling of weariness, it implies the feeling of having been used, of being raw. It involves a sort of nakedness of the mind. ["New York Times Magazine," Oct. 2, 1952]
"Beat" is old carny slang. According to Beat Movement legend (and it is a movement with a deep inventory of legend), Ginsberg and Kerouac picked it up from a character named Herbert Huncke, a gay street hustler and drug addict from Chicago who began hanging around Times Square in 1939 (and who introduced William Burroughs to heroin, an important cultural moment). The term has nothing to do with music; it names the condition of being beaten down, poor, exhausted, at the bottom of the world. [Louis Menand, "New Yorker," Oct. 1, 2007]

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  • Beatnik — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • beatnik — [ bitnik ] n. • 1959; de l angl. amér. beat generation « génération foutue » et de nik, suff. yiddish d o. slave ♦ Anglic. Personne en révolte contre le conformisme bourgeois et la société de consommation, qui vit d expédients, sans domicile fixe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • beatnik — eat nik n. a member of the Beat Generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • beatnik — (ingl., de «beat generation» y el sufijo yiddish « nik»; pronunc. [bítnic]; pl. «beatniks») adj. y n. De un movimiento juvenil surgido en Estados Unidos en los años cincuenta, caracterizado por su actitud vitalista y el rechazo de los valores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • beatnik — / bi:tnik/, it. / bitnik/ s. ingl. [der. di beat ], usato in ital. al masch. e al femm. 1. (soc.) [chi fa parte di un movimento giovanile nato negli Stati Uniti d America, caratterizzato da atteggiamenti ribelli e anticonformisti] ▶◀ beat. 2.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • beatnik — /ˈbitnik, ingl. ˈbiːtnɪk/ s. m. e f. inv.; anche agg. capellone, hippy …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • beatnik — [n] uncoventional, free sprited person beat, Bohemian, demonstrator, dropout, flower child*, hippie, iconoclast, maverick, nonconformist, peacenik*, protester, radical; concept 423 …   New thesaurus

  • beatnik — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}[wym. bitnik]{{/stl 7}}{{stl 17}}ZOB. {{/stl 17}}{{stl 7}}bitnik {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • beatnik — ► NOUN ▪ a young member of a subculture associated with the beat generation …   English terms dictionary

  • beatnik — ☆ beatnik [bēt′nik ] n. [ BEAT, adj. 2 + NIK] a member of the beat group …   English World dictionary

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