vigil early 13c., "eve of a religious festival" (an occasion for devotional watching or observance), from Anglo-Fr. and O.Fr. vigile, from L. vigilia "watch, watchfulness," from vigil "watchful, awake," from PIE *wog-/*weg- "be lively or active, be strong" (Cf. L. vigere "be lively, thrive," velox "fast, lively," vegere "to enliven;" Skt. vaja- "strength, speed;" O.E. wacan "to wake up, arise," wacian "to be awake;" O.H.G. wahta "watch, vigil"). Meaning "watch kept on a festival eve" is from late 14c.; that of "occasion of keeping awake for some purpose" is recorded from 1711.

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  • Vigil — (von lateinisch vigilare: wachen), Plural Vigilien und Vigiles, ist: In liturgischer Hinsicht: ein Teil des monastischen Stundengebets, der in der Nacht bzw. den frühen Morgenstunden gebetet wird. Siehe: Matutin bzw. auch Mette. eine „Nachtwache“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • vigil — ● vigil, vigile adjectif (latin vigil, éveillé) Se dit de ce qui survient à l état de veille. ● vigil, vigile (expressions) adjectif (latin vigil, éveillé) Coma vigil, coma au stade 1. ● vigil, vigile (homonymes) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vigil — vigíl adj. m., pl. vigíli; f. sg. vigílă, pl. vigíle Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  VIGÍL, Ă adj. (Liv.) Care veghează; atent, deştept, treaz. // s.m. (Ant.) Membru al gărzii instituite î …   Dicționar Român

  • Vigil — Vig il, n. [OE. vigile, L. vigilia, from vigil awake, watchful, probably akin to E. wake: cf. F. vigile. See {Wake}, v. i., and cf. {Reveille}, {Surveillance}, {Vedette}, {Vegetable}, {Vigor}.] 1. Abstinence from sleep, whether at a time when… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vígil — adj. 2 g. 1. Que vela ou que vigia. = VIGILANTE 2. Que está acordado. 3.  [Medicina, Psicologia] Relativo a vigília ou a vigilância (ex.: estado vígil). • Plural: vígeis.   ‣ Etimologia: latim vigil, ilis …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • VIGIL — an quia visu agilis; anex Graeco ἀγαλλὸς, ab ἀγαλλιάω, a. in i. mutatô, Scalig. ad Varron. dictus est. Eorum olim Romae familia publica fuit, quae incendia restingueret. Seneca, Ep. 64. Intervenerunt quidam amici, propter quos maior fumus fieret …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • vigil — [vij′əl] n. [ME vigile < OFr < L vigilia, a watch < vigil, awake < vegere, to arouse: see WAKE1] 1. a) a purposeful or watchful staying awake during the usual hours of sleep b) a watch kept, or the period of this 2. Eccles. the… …   English World dictionary

  • vigil — index notice (heed), precaution, surveillance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • vigil — [n] watch attention, awareness, duty, eagle eye*, guard, lookout, monitoring, nightwatch, notice, observance, observation, patrol, stakeout, surveillance, vigilance, watchfulness; concepts 134,623 …   New thesaurus

  • vigil — ► NOUN ▪ a period of staying awake during the time usually spent asleep, especially to keep watch or pray. ORIGIN from Latin, awake …   English terms dictionary

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