tear

tear
{{11}}tear (n.1) "water from the eye," O.E. tear, from earlier teahor, tæhher, from P.Gmc. *takh-, *tagr- (Cf. O.N., O.Fris. tar, O.H.G. zahar, Ger. Zähre, Goth. tagr "tear"), from PIE *dakru-/*draku- (Cf. L. lacrima, Old L. dacrima, Ir. der, Welsh deigr, Gk. dakryma). Tear gas first recorded 1917.
{{12}}tear (n.2) "act of ripping or rending," 1660s, from TEAR (Cf. tear) (v.1).
{{12}}tear (v.1) "pull apart," O.E. teran (class IV strong verb; past tense tær, pp. toren), from P.Gmc. *teran (Cf. O.S. terian, M.Du. teren "to consume," O.H.G. zeran "to destroy," Ger. zehren, Goth. ga-tairan "to tear, destroy"), from PIE *der- "tear" (Cf. Skt. drnati "cleaves, bursts," Gk. derein "to flay," Arm. terem "I flay," O.C.S. dera "to burst asunder," Bret. darn "piece").
The Old English past tense survived long enough to get into Bible translations as tare before giving place 17c. to tore, which is from the old pp. toren. Sense of "to pull by force" (away from some situation or attachment) is attested from late 13c. To be torn between two things (desires, loyalties, etc.) is from 1871.
{{13}}tear (v.2) 1650s, mainly in American English, from TEAR (Cf. tear) (n.1). Related: Teared; tearing. Old English verb tæherian did not survive into Middle English.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Tear — (t[^a]r), v. t. [imp. {Tore} (t[=o]r), ((Obs. {Tare}) (t[^a]r); p. p. {Torn} (t[=o]rn); p. pr. & vb. n. {Tearing}.] [OE. teren, AS. teran; akin to OS. farterian to destroy, D. teren to consume, G. zerren to pull, to tear, zehren to consume, Icel …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tear — tear1 [ter] vt. tore, torn, tearing [ME teren < OE teran, to rend, akin to Ger zehren, to destroy, consume < IE base * der , to skin, split > DRAB1, DERMA1] 1. to pull apart or separate into pieces by force; rip or rend (cloth, paper,… …   English World dictionary

  • tear — tear; tear·able; tear·age; tear·er; tear·ful; tear·i·ly; tear·less; tear·able·ness; tear·ful·ly; tear·ful·ness; tear·less·ly; tear·less·ness; …   English syllables

  • tear — Ⅰ. tear [1] ► VERB (past tore; past part. torn) 1) rip a hole or split in. 2) (usu. tear up) pull or rip apart or to pieces. 3) damage (a muscle or ligament) by overstretching it. 4) (usu …   English terms dictionary

  • Tear — (t[=e]r), n. [AS. te[ a]r; akin to G. z[ a]rhe, OHG. zahar, OFries. & Icel. t[=a]r, Sw. t[*a]r, Dan. taare, Goth. tagr, OIr. d[=e]r, W. dagr, OW. dacr, L. lacrima, lacruma, for older dacruma, Gr. da kry, da kryon, da kryma. [root]59. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tear — may refer to:*Tears, eye secretion *Tearing, breaking apart fibers by force *Robert Tear (born 1939), Welsh singerElements in fiction: *Tear, character Tear Grants in video game Tales of the Abyss *Tear (Wheel of Time), nation in series of… …   Wikipedia

  • tear — vb Tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive can all mean to separate forcibly one part of a continuous material or substance from another, or one object from another with which it is closely and firmly associated. Tear implies pulling apart or away… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • tear — [n1] rip, cut breach, break, crack, damage, fissure, gash, hole, imperfection, laceration, mutilation, rent, run, rupture, scratch, split, tatter; concept 513 Ant. perfection tear / tears [n2] droplets from eyes, often caused by emotion… …   New thesaurus

  • Tear It Up — Исполнитель Queen Альбом The Works Дата выпуска 27 февраля 1984 Дата записи …   Википедия

  • Tear — Tear, n. The act of tearing, or the state of being torn; a rent; a fissure. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] {Wear and tear}. See under {Wear}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tear|y — «TIHR ee», adjective, tear|i|er, tear|i|est. 1. = tearful. (Cf. ↑tearful) 2. = salty. (Cf. ↑salty) …   Useful english dictionary

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