senile 1660s, "suited to old age," from Fr. sénile, from L. senilis "of old age," from senex (gen. senis) "old, old man," from PIE root *sen- "old" (Cf. Skt. sanah "old;" Avestan hana- "old;" O.Pers. hanata- "old age, lapse of time;" Armenian hin "old;" Gk. enos "old, of last year;" Lith. senas "old," senis "an old man;" Goth. sineigs "old" (used only of persons), sinistra "elder, senior;" O.N. sina "dry standing grass from the previous year;" O.Ir. sen, O.Welsh hen "old"). Meaning "weak or infirm from age" is first attested 1848.

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  • sénile — [ senil ] adj. • XVe, puis 1512; lat. senilis, de senex « vieillard » 1 ♦ De vieillard, propre à la vieillesse. « d une voix sénile mais encore bien accentuée » (Gautier). ♢ Méd. Involution sénile : ensemble des phénomènes de régression d un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Senile — Se nile, a. [L. senilis, from senex, gen. senis, old, an old man: cf. F. s[ e]nile. See {Senior}.] Of or pertaining to old age; proceeding from, or characteristic of, old age; affected with the infirmities of old age; as, senile weakness. Senile… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • senile — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ having the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties. ► NOUN ▪ a senile person. DERIVATIVES senility noun. ORIGIN Latin senilis, from senex old man …   English terms dictionary

  • senile — agg. [dal lat. senilis, der. di senex vecchio ]. [caratteristico della vecchiaia: l età s. ; esperienza s. ] ▶◀ ‖ maturo. ◀▶ adolescenziale, giovanile, infantile …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • senile — [adj] failing in physical and mental capabilities due to old age aged, ancient, anile, decrepit, doddering, doting, enfeebled, feeble, imbecile, infirm, in second childhood*, old, senescent, shattered, sick, weak; concepts 314,402,403 Ant. alert …   New thesaurus

  • senile — [sē′nīl΄, sen′īl΄] adj. [L senilis < senex, old: see SENATE] 1. a) of, typical of, or resulting from old age: now chiefly medical b) showing the marked deterioration often accompanying old age, esp. mental impairment characterized by confusion …   English World dictionary

  • sénile — (sé ni l ) adj. Qui a rapport à la vieillesse. Démence sénile. Gangrène sénile. •   Dans l existence prolongée de l homme et des animaux naît peu à peu la cause de la mort sénile et naturelle, dont la lenteur des mouvements est la source… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • SÉNILE — adj. des deux genres Qui a rapport, qui tient à la vieillesse. Débilité sénile. Démence sénile. Gangrène sénile …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • senile — pre·senile; senile; senile·ly; …   English syllables

  • senile — adj. & n. adj. 1 of or characteristic of old age (senile apathy; senile decay). 2 having the weaknesses or diseases of old age. n. a senile person. Derivatives: senility n. Etymology: F seacutenile or L senilis f. senex old man …   Useful english dictionary

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