pasteurize (v.) 1881, with -IZE (Cf. -ize), after Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), French chemist and bacteriologist, who invented the process of heating food, milk, wine, etc., to kill most of the micro-organisms in it; distinguished from STERILIZATION (Cf. sterilization), which involves killing all of them. Related: Pasteurized; pasteurizing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Pasteurize — Pas*teur ize, v. t. 1. To subject to pasteurization. [1913 Webster] 2. To treat by pasteurism. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pasteurize — (Amer.) pas·teur·ize || pæstʃəraɪz v. sterilize milk or other fluid through exposure to high temperatures; treat by pasteurization (also pasteurise) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • pasteurize — (also pasteurise) ► VERB ▪ make (milk or other food) safe to eat by destroying most of the micro organisms in it, especially by heating. DERIVATIVES pasteurization noun. ORIGIN named after the French chemist Louis Pasteur (1822 95) …   English terms dictionary

  • pasteurize — [pas′chər īz΄, pas′tərīz΄] vt. pasteurized, pasteurizing [Fr pasteuriser, after PASTEUR Louis + iser, IZE] to subject (milk, beer, etc.) to pasteurization pasteurizer n …   English World dictionary

  • pasteurize — transitive verb ( ized; izing) Etymology: Louis Pasteur Date: 1881 to subject to pasteurization • pasteurizer noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pasteurize — pasteurization, n. /pas cheuh ruyz , pas teuh /, v.t., pasteurized, pasteurizing. to expose (a food, as milk, cheese, yogurt, beer, or wine) to an elevated temperature for a period of time sufficient to destroy certain microorganisms, as those… …   Universalium

  • pasteurize — verb To heat food for the purpose of killing harmful organisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, molds, and yeasts …   Wiktionary

  • pasteurize — To treat by pasteurization. * * * pas·teur·ize also Brit pas·teur·ise pas chə .rīz, pas tə vt, ized also Brit ised; iz·ing also Brit is·ing to subject to pasteurization pas·teur·iz·er also Brit pas·teur·is·er n …   Medical dictionary

  • pasteurize — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) v. t. sterilize, disinfect. See cleanness. II (Roget s IV) v. Syn. render germ free, sterilize, purify, make safe for human consumption; see clean , heat 2 …   English dictionary for students

  • Pasteurize —    Louis Pasteur (1822 1895), French chemist and microbiologist, decided at an early age to become a painter, but this interest was superseded by a fascination with science. He became a professor of physics at Dijon in 1848, and then a professor… …   Dictionary of eponyms

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