mad

mad
{{11}}mad (adj.) late 13c., from O.E. gemædde (pl.) "out of one's mind" (usually implying also violent excitement), also "foolish, extremely stupid," earlier gemæded "rendered insane," pp. of a lost verb *gemædan "to make insane or foolish," from P.Gmc. *ga-maid-jan, demonstrative form of *ga-maid-az "changed (for the worse), abnormal" (Cf. O.S. gimed "foolish," O.H.G. gimeit "foolish, vain, boastful," Goth. gamaiþs "crippled, wounded," O.N. meiða "to hurt, maim"), from intensive prefix *ga- + PIE *moito-, pp. of root *mei- "to change" (Cf. L. mutare "to change," mutuus "done in exchange," migrare "to change one's place of residence;" see MUTABLE (Cf. mutable)).
Emerged in M.E. to replace the more usual Old English word, wod (see WOOD (Cf. wood) (adj.)). Sense of "beside oneself with excitement or enthusiasm" is from early 14c. Meaning "beside oneself with anger" is attested from early 14c., but deplored by Rev. John Witherspoon (1781) as an Americanism. It now competes in Amer.Eng. with ANGRY (Cf. angry) for this sense. Of animals, "affected with rabies," from late 13c. Phrase mad as a March hare is attested from 1520s, via notion of breeding season; mad as a hatter is from 1829 as "demented," 1837 as "enraged," according to a modern theory supposedly from erratic behavior caused by prolonged exposure to poison mercuric nitrate, used in making felt hats. For mad as a wet hen see HEN (Cf. hen). Mad money is attested from 1922; mad scientist is from 1891.
{{12}}mad (adv.) late 14c., from MAD (Cf. mad) (adj.).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • mad — W3S2 [mæd] adj comparative madder superlative maddest ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(angry)¦ 2¦(crazy)¦ 3¦(uncontrolled)¦ 4 be mad about/for/on somebody/something 5¦(mentally ill)¦ 6 like mad 7 don t go mad …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • MAD UK — MAD Magazine (British Reprint Edition) 1959 1994 Sources:25 Years of MAD Magazine (Suron International Publications, 1984): author David Robinson, British MAD contributor (1978 1994), who wrote all of the following notes.30 Years of MAD Magazine… …   Wikipedia

  • mad — [ mæd ] adjective ** 1. ) never before noun INFORMAL angry: He makes me mad, the way he keeps criticizing me. mad at/with: My boss is mad at me for missing the meeting. 2. ) MAINLY BRITISH very silly or stupid: CRAZY: be mad to do something: You… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • mad — /mad/, adj., madder, maddest, n., v., madded, madding. adj. 1. mentally disturbed; deranged; insane; demented. 2. enraged; greatly provoked or irritated; angry. 3. (of animals) a. abnormally furious; ferocious: a mad bull. b. affected with… …   Universalium

  • Mad — Mad, a. [Compar. {Madder}; superl. {Maddest}.] [AS. gem?d, gem[=a]d, mad; akin to OS. gem?d foolish, OHG. gameit, Icel. mei?a to hurt, Goth. gam[ a]ids weak, broken. ?.] 1. Disordered in intellect; crazy; insane. [1913 Webster] I have heard my… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • MAD — steht für: MAD (Eisenach), eine Großraumdiskothek MAD (Zeitschrift) für Materialien, Analysen, Dokumente MAD Magazin, eine Satire Zeitschrift MAD Spiel, ein Spiel des MAD Magazins MAD Kartenspiel, ein Kartenspiel des MAD Magazins Die Abkürzung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mad — steht für: Amt für den Militärischen Abschirmdienst, ein deutscher Nachrichtendienst MAD Magazin, eine Zeitschrift MAD Spiel, ein Spiel des MAD Magazins MAD Kartenspiel, ein Kartenspiel des MAD Magazins MAD Zeitschrift für Materialien, Analysen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MAD — may refer to:* Anger * Madness, the state of being irrational or suffering from mental illness * Mad (magazine) , an American humor magazine and its various spinoffs: ** MADtv , a sketch comedy television series ** Mad Magazine Card Game ** The… …   Wikipedia

  • Mád — Mád …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MAD TV — Страна Греция Язык вещания греческий Центр управления Афины Формат изображения …   Википедия

  • mad — [mad] adj. madder, maddest [ME madd, aphetic < OE gemæd, pp. of (ge)mædan, to make mad, akin to Goth gamaiths, crippled, OS gimēd, foolish < IE * mait < base * mai , to hew, cut off > Goth maitan, to hew, Gr mitylos, dehorned] 1.… …   English World dictionary

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